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A range of publications relating to the development and implementation of the indicators of illegal logging have been published since the project began in 2006. These include methodology briefings, results of the pilot studies, country report cards (from 2010), country assessments (from 2014-15) and two synthesis reports (from 2010 and 2015). 

Reports & Briefings

Tackling Illegal Logging and the Related Trade: What Progress and Where Next?

15 July 2015

This latest assessment of international efforts to improve forest governance and tackle illegal logging is based on studies undertaken in nineteen countries between 2013 and 2014. The findings show a mixed picture. At the national level progress is clearly evident. Nearly all the consumer and processing countries assessed have reduced the shares of illegal timber in their imports. Although forest governance remains very weak in most of the producer countries, there has been continued improvement in numerous areas. Correspondingly, many of the producer countries assessed have reduced the shares of illegal timber in their exports.

However, at the global level progress has stalled; illegal imports still account for nearly 10% of total trade. This is due to three major changes in the forest sector: the growth of markets for timber in many emerging economies, most notably China, that remain less discerning for legal timber; the increased importance of forest conversion as a source of timber, much of which is illegal; and the increase in informal logging by small-scale producers.

The detailed findings of the assessment and recommendations for action for the coming decade are set out in the report, available below in English and Chinese. The executive summary is available in English, French and Chinese.

Infographic: Illegal logging and forest governance

A comparison of estimated levels of illegal timber production and levels of forest governance in the nine focus producer countries.

Infographic: Scale of illegal timber trade in 2013

Estimated illegal timber trade between focus producer, processor & consumer countries in 2013.


治理非法采伐及相关贸易 进展如何,前路何在?



然而,全球层面的进程却止步不前。自金融危机结束以来,接受评估的国家的非法木材进口总量增加了1/5。据估计,2013年非法木材进口总量达6千万立方米 (圆木当量),几乎达到十年前的水平。



Methodology for Estimating Levels of Illegal Timber- and Paper-sector Imports: Estimates for China, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the UK, the US and Vietnam

25 November 2014

This paper describes the methodology used to estimate the levels of wood-based products at high risk of illegality that are being imported into seven consumer and processing countries (China, France, Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom, United States and Vietnam). The methodology provides quantitative estimates of the scale of such imports and assesses how they have changed over time, for the period 2000-13. These estimates were used in the country reports and synthesis report published in 2014-15.