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Publications

A range of publications relating to the development and implementation of the indicators of illegal logging have been published since the project began in 2006. These include methodology briefings, results of the pilot studies, country report cards (from 2010), country assessments (from 2014-15) and two synthesis reports (from 2010 and 2015). 

Reports & Briefings

Tackling Illegal Logging and the Related Trade: What Progress and Where Next?

15 July 2015

This latest assessment of international efforts to improve forest governance and tackle illegal logging is based on studies undertaken in nineteen countries between 2013 and 2014. The findings show a mixed picture. At the national level progress is clearly evident. Nearly all the consumer and processing countries assessed have reduced the shares of illegal timber in their imports. Although forest governance remains very weak in most of the producer countries, there has been continued improvement in numerous areas. Correspondingly, many of the producer countries assessed have reduced the shares of illegal timber in their exports.

However, at the global level progress has stalled; illegal imports still account for nearly 10% of total trade. This is due to three major changes in the forest sector: the growth of markets for timber in many emerging economies, most notably China, that remain less discerning for legal timber; the increased importance of forest conversion as a source of timber, much of which is illegal; and the increase in informal logging by small-scale producers.

The detailed findings of the assessment and recommendations for action for the coming decade are set out in the report, available below in English and Chinese. The executive summary is available in English, French and Chinese.

Infographic: Illegal logging and forest governance

A comparison of estimated levels of illegal timber production and levels of forest governance in the nine focus producer countries.

Infographic: Scale of illegal timber trade in 2013

Estimated illegal timber trade between focus producer, processor & consumer countries in 2013.

 

治理非法采伐及相关贸易 进展如何,前路何在?

2015年7月

近年来非法采伐治理工作进展放缓。查塔姆研究所对全球范围内非法采伐治理工作的第一次评估结果令人鼓舞。评估结果发表于2010年,认为21世纪早期各国合力加强执法工作,许多国家的非法采伐问题得到了明显改善。但在2012至2014年间进行的第二次评估结果却展现出更加复杂的情况。国家层面取得的进展有目共睹,几乎所有接受评估的消费国非法木材进口份额都有所减少。许多生产国尽管在森林治理方面的工作仍非常薄弱,但已经在其他众多领域取得了持续发展。相应的,接受评估的生产国中许多已经减少了非法木材的出口份额。

然而,全球层面的进程却止步不前。自金融危机结束以来,接受评估的国家的非法木材进口总量增加了1/5。据估计,2013年非法木材进口总量达6千万立方米 (圆木当量),几乎达到十年前的水平。

那么究竟是什么原因呢?概括而言,林业产业出现的三大变化导致非法采伐的治理工作不见起色。首先,新兴木材市场的出现削弱了一些发达国家推出的政策的影响。目前,非法木质产品贸易有一半去往中国,中国是全球最大的木材消费国及主要加工国。与此同时,生产国内部的木材需求量增大,为合法和非法木材提供了市场。其次,更多的林地被清平,转作农用或其他用途。目前,全球交易的热带木材中多达一半来自森林转换,而其中近2/3的转换不符合法律政策。再次,许多国家小规模生产者的采伐急剧增加,而这种行为通常是不合法的,并且不受诸多政策法规的约束。

 

Methodology for Import-source Estimates of Illegally Sourced Wood Imports: Thailand, South Korea and India

1 April 2014

This paper describes the methodology used to estimate the levels of wood-based products at high risk of illegality that are being imported into South Korea, India and Thailand. The methodology provides quantitative estimates of the scale of such imports and assesses how they have changed over time, for the period 2000-13. These estimates were used in the country reports and synthesis report published in 2014-15.

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