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The degree and effectiveness of the response by the private sector in processing countries has been evaluated through the results of an expert perceptions survey, an assessment of the uptake of voluntary chain-of-custody certification and trade data analysis.

Trade data were analysed to assess shifts in trade between ‘sensitive’ and ‘non-sensitive’ markets. Chatham House also collected data on the number of companies that have achieved FSC CoC certification. In theory, FSC CoC-certified companies are those that deal in FSC-certified products. In practice, a considerable number of CoC-certified companies handle few or no FSC-certified products. For this reason, data on CoC-certified companies must be interpreted with some caution. Data on CoC certification in each consumer country were provided by the FSC and analysed by Chatham House.