The world’s forests are under threat from illegal logging and the related trade – an issue that has serious implications for tackling climate change and achieving sustainable development. Illegal logging perpetuates corruption, undermines livelihoods, fuels social conflict, deprives governments of revenue and erodes countries’ natural resource bases. This is not just an issue for forest-rich countries; countries that import and consume wood-based products contribute to the problem if they import products without ensuring that they are legally sourced.

Governments, the private sector and civil society are increasingly recognizing these impacts and a wide range of initiatives have been implemented aimed at improving governance and reducing illegal practices in the forest sector. 

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